Jodhpur is dominated by a gigantic fortress in the middle of the city. Parts of it have been constructed even before the British times. In these days, there were several Maharadjas (Jaipur, Jodhpur, Bikaner etc.) who were quite busy in occupying each other's towns. The end of the story was that the Maharadja of Jodhpur ordered to build a huge fort. He must have been a very clever person since he planned a beautiful palace for himself inside the fortress right away. Today, the fortress is very well maintained and can be visited. Looking down from the walls, you can have a magnificent view over Jodhpur's old town.
It is famous for its many blue painted houses. In some perspectives you think for a moment of watching a second sky - of such an intense blue are the houses. A blue house symbolises that its inhabitants are of the Brahmin caste. No need for repainting the houses to grey - membership to a certain caste is heritable.
About 70% of total inhabitants of India are living in remote areas. Visiting villages can round off your journey. Although there are several obstacles (like language, drinking water, transport etc.), some hardcore backpackers spend weeks in travelling from village to village.
We just had a so called "village safari", offered by the "Hotel Govind". That is a one day trip to three villages around Jodhpur. "Safari" suggests "wild life" and "camel" - our mean of transportation was not really in proper style (anyhow very typical): an old Ambassador. The people who are arranging these trips have something like a contract with the villagers - they get some amount of money to allow the tourists every day a look inside their living rooms.
One of the villages we have visited is inhabited of a special caste, the Bishnoi. These people worship trees, especially the acacia tree. It is strictly forbidden to cut them down. Once, there has been a cruel massacre as the Maharadja of Jodhpur decided to cut down lot of trees in their territory. The people embraced the trees forming a kind of "human shield" - the soldiers cut down the trees and the courageous at the same time.
We visited a farmer's family living in a house with walls and the floor made of cow dung. That is really a very suitable material because it remains comparatively cool in the sunlight. Further, it is comfortably resilient.